Swaziland, a small landlocked country in southern Africa, has the highest HIV prevalence in the world, with % of adults living with HIV.1 In , 8, adults were newly infected with HIV and 3, people died of an AIDS-related illness HIV and AIDS has had a devastating impact on Swaziland. Swaziland in and opened a field office there in With 26 percent of adults in the age group HIV positive, Swaziland has the world’s highest estimated prevalence rate of HIV-infected adults. In addition, Swaziland’s tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate is the highest in the world and 80 percent of TB patients are co-infected with HIV.
Swaziland has a generalized HIV epidemic, with a high HIV prevalence rate of 26% among (SDHS, /07) and 31% among adults aged (SHIMS, ). New HIV infections are declining and the HIV incidence rate among adults aged is estimated as %, comprising of % and % amongst men and women, respectively (Swaziland. HIV and AIDS. HIV and AIDS continue to play a major role in the declining economy of Swaziland today. Faced with a high HIV prevalence of percent among pregnant women, the epidemic is drawing resources from other priority areas, placing the health system under considerable stress, and directly affecting capital accumulation and productivity.
List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate. As of , it is estimated that there are million people worldwide infected with HIV. The HIV pandemic is most severe in South Africa. Over 10% of all people living with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 20% in Swaziland, Botswana, and Lesotho. Since the start of the epidemic, an estimated million people have become infected with HIV and million people have died of AIDS-related illnesses. In , , people died of AIDS-related illnesses. This number has reduced by more than 51% ( million) since the .